Hello,

We noticed you're browsing in private or incognito mode.

To continue reading this article, please exit incognito mode or log in.

Not an Insider? Subscribe now for unlimited access to online articles.

Sustainable Energy

Carbon Dioxide in the Atmosphere Has Passed a Worrying Threshold

Concentrations are above 400 parts per million and won’t fall below that mark for generations, according to a new report.

Official word is in on atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations for 2015. It’s not good news.

The World Meteorological Organization’s greenhouse-gas bulletin shows that 2015 was the first year in which levels of carbon dioxide reached 400 parts per million on average across the globe. Part of what pushed the planet over this threshold was El Niño, which, according to the WMO, “reduced the capacity of ‘sinks’ like forests, vegetation and the oceans to absorb CO2.”

But even when those sinks regain their ability to absorb carbon dioxide, warns the WMO secretary-general, Petteri Taalas, emissions will still need to be cut. “The El Niño event has disappeared. Climate change has not,” he explained. “Without tackling CO2 emissions, we cannot tackle climate change and keep temperature increases to below 2 °C above the preindustrial era.”

NOAA's Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii has been continuously monitoring atmospheric carbon dioxide since 1958.

The figure of 400 parts per million is largely symbolic: carbon dioxide levels alone don’t dictate global temperature rises, which are the main concern we face. But they do play a leading role, and crossing this threshold is psychologically important for environmentalists and politicians alike.

Unfortunately, it’s not the first piece of bad news about carbon dioxide concentrations to come of late. In September—typically the month in which levels reach a minimum—they failed to drop below the 400 mark. According to measurements from the greenhouse-gas monitoring station in Mauna Loa, Hawaii, cited by the new report, levels are expected to stay above that figure for the rest of the year, too.

In fact, the WMO predicts that carbon dioxide concentrations are now unlikely to fall below 400 parts per million for “many” generations. “The year 2015 ushered in a new era of optimism and climate action with the Paris climate-change agreement,” Taalas said. “But it will also make history as marking a new era of climate-change reality with record high greenhouse-gas concentrations.”

At least the Paris climate agreement is finally swinging into action—and not a moment too soon.

(Read more: WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin, “The Paris Climate Pact Is Officially Go”)

Couldn't get to Cambridge? We brought EmTech MIT to you!

Watch session videos here
NOAA's Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii has been continuously monitoring atmospheric carbon dioxide since 1958.
More from Sustainable Energy

Can we sustainably provide food, water, and energy to a growing population during a climate crisis?

Want more award-winning journalism? Subscribe to Insider Plus.
  • Insider Plus {! insider.prices.plus !}*

    {! insider.display.menuOptionsLabel !}

    Everything included in Insider Basic, plus the digital magazine, extensive archive, ad-free web experience, and discounts to partner offerings and MIT Technology Review events.

    See details+

    Print + Digital Magazine (6 bi-monthly issues)

    Unlimited online access including all articles, multimedia, and more

    The Download newsletter with top tech stories delivered daily to your inbox

    Technology Review PDF magazine archive, including articles, images, and covers dating back to 1899

    10% Discount to MIT Technology Review events and MIT Press

    Ad-free website experience

/3
You've read of three free articles this month. for unlimited online access. You've read of three free articles this month. for unlimited online access. This is your last free article this month. for unlimited online access. You've read all your free articles this month. for unlimited online access. You've read of three free articles this month. for more, or for unlimited online access. for two more free articles, or for unlimited online access.