Skip to Content

Automated Virus Busters

Software
September 1, 2000

The latest computer viruses-which can e-mail themselves to everyone in a host computer’s electronic address book and change their appearance or even rewrite their own code to avoid detection-have created new problems for antivirus companies. But it turns out the most difficult challenge isn’t analyzing the viruses or creating fixes for them-it’s handling the flood of requests for help during an epidemic. When a fast-spreading virus infects many computers in a very short time, the number of virus samples submitted to an antivirus company for analysis increases by as much as three orders of magnitude, as does the number of requests for the antidote. This kind of jump makes most Web sites crash, but crashing during a virus outbreak is, obviously, a disaster for an antivirus company.

Researchers at IBM Research in Yorktown Heights, N.Y., in collaboration with Symantec, makers of the popular software Norton AntiVirus, have engineered ways to weather future outbreaks of even faster-spreading viruses. The first advance is a completely automated virus analysis center that develops antidotes and packages the cure for customers considerably faster than human virus analyzers. In March 1999, it took Symantec’s human virus busters six hours to crank out a cure for the Melissa virus, but IBM’s system can do it in 40 minutes. Norton AntiVirus users will have access to the automated virus analysis center this fall.

All the speed in the world won’t help, however, if a system is overwhelmed. To protect the virus analyzer, the group devised a network of gateways that was surprisingly hard to realize, says IBM antivirus researcher David Chess. “The stuff you would think would be the rocket science wasn’t the hardest part,” Chess says. “We had to do some unprecedented things to make the gateways robust to communication errors and sudden loads.”

Like secretaries opening their boss’s mail, the gateways perform triage on incoming viruses. First the gateway finds out if the incoming sample matches previously analyzed files; if it does, the gateway can immediately send the antidote to whoever submitted the virus. If the file matches one that the virus analysis center is working on, the gateway can acknowledge receipt of the virus and later send the antidote when it becomes available. Several IBM patents on the gateway system are pending.

Keep Reading

Most Popular

light and shadow on floor
light and shadow on floor

How Facebook and Google fund global misinformation

The tech giants are paying millions of dollars to the operators of clickbait pages, bankrolling the deterioration of information ecosystems around the world.

protein structures
protein structures

DeepMind says it will release the structure of every protein known to science

The company has already used its protein-folding AI, AlphaFold, to generate structures for the human proteome, as well as yeast, fruit flies, mice, and more.

ASML machine
ASML machine

Inside the machine that saved Moore’s Law

The Dutch firm ASML spent $9 billion and 17 years developing a way to keep making denser computer chips.

brain map
brain map

This is what happens when you see the face of someone you love

The moment we recognize someone, a lot happens all at once. We aren’t aware of any of it.

Stay connected

Illustration by Rose WongIllustration by Rose Wong

Get the latest updates from
MIT Technology Review

Discover special offers, top stories, upcoming events, and more.

Thank you for submitting your email!

Explore more newsletters

It looks like something went wrong.

We’re having trouble saving your preferences. Try refreshing this page and updating them one more time. If you continue to get this message, reach out to us at customer-service@technologyreview.com with a list of newsletters you’d like to receive.