We noticed you're browsing in private or incognito mode.

To continue reading this article, please exit incognito mode or log in.

Not an Insider? Subscribe now for unlimited access to online articles.

Intelligent Machines

Why This Might Be the Model T of Workplace Robots

A mobile, one-armed robot that costs $35,000 is headed for research labs and maybe even some workplaces.

Robots capable of working in human environments could transform many workplaces and lead to new, more efficient ways of doing business.

According to Melonee Wise, the manual laborer of the future has only one arm and stands just three feet, two inches tall. Such are the vital statistics of UBR1, a $35,000 mobile robot unveiled today by Wise’s startup company Unbounded Robotics.

white and orange robot
Helping hand: The UBR1 robot is designed to advance robotics research and could one day work alongside humans.

Wise, the company’s CEO and cofounder, says her business will at first sell the robot to researchers in academia and industry, who currently must either pay hundreds of thousands of dollars to get hold of a similar robot or build one themselves. But the UBR1 has also been designed to be capable and safe enough to help out in real workplaces such as warehouses and factories.

Unbounded will start shipping the first UBR1s next summer. Within the next two years, Wise expects to see businesses start putting them to work at tasks such as bin picking or stocking shelves in warehouses. “We’re in the business of getting robots out of the lab and making them a platform for businesses to use,” she says. “This is the Model T of robots.”

Though robots have long been a part of manufacturing, they have traditionally worked in isolation. But in recent years, thanks to advances in hardware and software, new kinds of robot have begun to appear among human workers in factories and warehouses. A company called Kiva Systems, acquired by Amazon in 2012, makes robots that can haul items around (see “In Warehouses, Kiva’s Robots Do the Heavy Lifting”), while startup Rethink Robotics’ flagship two-armed robot can work alongside humans on a production line (see “Baxter: The Blue-Collar Robot”).

These systems have limitations, though. Kiva’s robots require dedicated support infrastructure to be installed, and although the $22,000 Baxter is capable of two-handed manipulation, it cannot move around. Mobile robots capable of manipulation could function more like real human workers, Wise says, but so far they have remained in the research lab.

Before the UBR1 can start work in the real world, Unbounded will have to significantly improve the software available for the robot, which is today essentially a blank slate that requires a buyer to program in the desired capabilities. By contrast, Baxter is configured to be able to learn some manipulation tasks out of the box. Wise says her company will develop modular software packages that UBR1 owners can download to give their robots practical abilities. “We see ourselves developing basic capabilities that people will download and use on their robots, such as ‘open a door’ and ‘pick up a cup,’” she says.

UBR1 has a vaguely anthropomorphic head and a 75.75-centimeter (29.75-inch) arm, with four joints and a pincer grip, that neatly folds against its body when not in use. The robot moves around on a circular base with hidden wheels and can go anywhere in a building suitable for wheelchairs. The robot’s torso can be extended so that its head is anywhere between 96.5 centimeters (three feet, two inches) and 132 centimeters (four feet, four inches) from the ground. UBR1’s “eyes” actually hide the three lenses of a depth camera made by PrimeSense, a company that also supplies the hardware for Microsoft’s Kinect Xbox.

The robot also has design features that make it safe for work around people. For example, if it has accidentally shoved a person or invaded someone’s space, its jointed arm can be pushed aside.

Unbounded Robotics was spun out of the for-profit research lab Willow Garage this January by Wise and three fellow robotics engineers. Officials decline to talk about how the company is funded. The UBR1 makes use of the open-source Robot Operating System originally developed at Willow (see “TR35: Morgan Quigley”) and can be described as a simpler version of Willow’s flagship PR2, a large mobile robot with two arms that sold to research labs for $400,000. Although the PR2 became the basis for projects that pushed the boundaries of robot autonomy (see “Robots That Learn From People” and “TR35: Leila Takayama”), the high price meant that only a handful were sold. Wise says that just 43 PR2s exist in labs around the world today.

Couldn't make it to Cambridge? We've brought EmTech MIT to you!

Watch session videos

Uh oh–you've read all of your free articles for this month.

Insider Premium
$179.95/yr US PRICE

More from Intelligent Machines

Artificial intelligence and robots are transforming how we work and live.

Want more award-winning journalism? Subscribe to Insider Plus.
  • Insider Plus {! insider.prices.plus !}*

    {! insider.display.menuOptionsLabel !}

    Everything included in Insider Basic, plus the digital magazine, extensive archive, ad-free web experience, and discounts to partner offerings and MIT Technology Review events.

    See details+

    What's Included

    Unlimited 24/7 access to MIT Technology Review’s website

    The Download: our daily newsletter of what's important in technology and innovation

    Bimonthly print magazine (6 issues per year)

    Bimonthly digital/PDF edition

    Access to the magazine PDF archive—thousands of articles going back to 1899 at your fingertips

    Special interest publications

    Discount to MIT Technology Review events

    Special discounts to select partner offerings

    Ad-free web experience

You've read all of your free articles this month. This is your last free article this month. You've read of free articles this month. or  for unlimited online access.