“To what extent are the opinions we hold about subjective matters the result of our own considerations or a reﬂection of the opinions of others?”
So begin Pavlin Mavrodiev and colleagues in describing an experiment to quantify how deeply people’s opinions are influenced by others. The answer gives pause for thought.
These guys, who are at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, studied the data from an experiment in which people were asked six questions with a specific answer that they were unlikely to know. For example, “what is the border length between Switzerland and Italy?”
They were then shown the average answer given by everybody else in the test and asked to resubmit their answer.
Mavrodiev and co then looked to see if there were any patterns in the way people modified their reply.
It turns out that in these circumstances, the way people modify their answer follows a simple and linear mathematical rule.
That’s a surprise for two reasons. The first is that the questions were designed to produce responses ranging over 10 orders of magnitude. The simple rule held over this entire range.
Second, people seem to follow this rule regardless of their own emotional states and convictions, for example, in their own ideas or in the competencies of others. “Despite individual diﬀerences… the same mathematical relationship underlies the individual reactions to social inﬂuence,” say Mavrodiev and company.
That could have an important impact on the way social scientists model the behaviour of humans and the accuracy of their predictions about collective decisions.
Ref: arxiv.org/abs/1302.2472: Quantifying the Eﬀects of Social Inﬂuence