Hello,

We noticed you're browsing in private or incognito mode.

To continue reading this article, please exit incognito mode or log in.

Not an Insider? Subscribe now for unlimited access to online articles.

David Zax

A View from David Zax

How Will Facebook Use Gowalla?

To further its claim on your digital identity, Facebook branches out in both time and space.

  • December 9, 2011

On December 2, CNN Money, citing “a source close to Gowalla,” reported that Facebook had acquired the location-based service, which was launched as a rival to Foursquare. Most of the Gowalla team is expected to move from Austin, TX, to Palo Alto, California, where Facebook is based. Gowalla declined to comment at the time, since it has a policy against commenting on “rumors and speculation,” but Foursquare found the acquisition believable enough to have issued a statement of congratulation to its onetime rival. (Foursquare has a half-million daily active users against Gowalla’s 10,000, reportedly.) Then, on the 5th, it became more than mere “rumors and speculation,” with Gowalla co-founder Josh Williams confirming the deal on the company blog.

At first blush, it seems an odd acquisition. After all, Facebook itself already allows you to check-in and share your location with friends. In some respects, Facebook may simply be using the acquisition as a technique to pilfer visionary programming talent, as it has done before with other companies (Snaptu, for instance, or Hot Potato). In the way some companies acquire others as an IP play, Facebook may be doing so simply as a human resources play: attracting top talent. Some term this an “acq-hire.”

But one of the most intriguing details that emerged in the sparse CNN Money report was this: that the Gowalla team would be working directly on Facebook’s Timeline feature, which though announced some time ago and expected for release last month, has fallen behind schedule.

Viewed in this light, the Gowalla acquisition shows that Facebook has ambitions not only to expand in time (being a record of your past), but also in space (being a record of all the places you’ve been). Gowalla refers to their product as a “passport”; and Facebook’s acquisition of Gowalla points to Facebook’s own ambitions to be something like the central passport authority on the web.

Recently, the author Salman Rushdie got in a fight with Facebook, which insisted that he use the name Ahmed Rushdie online, since that was his legal name. (Rushdie eventually prevailed.) The New York Times pointed out how the debate shined a spotlight on Facebook’s stance on the so-called “nym wars.” In brief, Facebook has a large stake in having people use their real names on the web; wrote the Times: “One side envisions a system in which you use a sort of digital passport, bearing your real name and issued by a company like Facebook, to travel across the Internet… [Facebook] is becoming a de facto passport vendor of sorts, allowing its users to sign into seven million other sites and applications with their Facebook user names and passwords.”

The Gowalla acquisition points ahead to an era–perhaps one in which we’ve already half-arrived–where Facebook is something like the Internet’s own State Department: the authority governing your travel throughout the web. For members of the next generation, Facebook may be more than a mere aspect of their digital lives, a website they may check occasionally. It may become as inseparable from their online identities as their passports, birth certificates, and social security cards are from their offline ones.

Cut off? Read unlimited articles today.

Become an Insider
Already an Insider? Log in.
Want more award-winning journalism? Subscribe and become an Insider.
  • Insider Plus {! insider.prices.plus !}* Best Value

    {! insider.display.menuOptionsLabel !}

    Everything included in Insider Basic, plus the digital magazine, extensive archive, ad-free web experience, and discounts to partner offerings and MIT Technology Review events.

    See details+

    Print + Digital Magazine (6 bi-monthly issues)

    Unlimited online access including all articles, multimedia, and more

    The Download newsletter with top tech stories delivered daily to your inbox

    Technology Review PDF magazine archive, including articles, images, and covers dating back to 1899

    10% Discount to MIT Technology Review events and MIT Press

    Ad-free website experience

  • Insider Basic {! insider.prices.basic !}*

    {! insider.display.menuOptionsLabel !}

    Six issues of our award winning print magazine, unlimited online access plus The Download with the top tech stories delivered daily to your inbox.

    See details+

    Print Magazine (6 bi-monthly issues)

    Unlimited online access including all articles, multimedia, and more

    The Download newsletter with top tech stories delivered daily to your inbox

  • Insider Online Only {! insider.prices.online !}*

    {! insider.display.menuOptionsLabel !}

    Unlimited online access including articles and video, plus The Download with the top tech stories delivered daily to your inbox.

    See details+

    Unlimited online access including all articles, multimedia, and more

    The Download newsletter with top tech stories delivered daily to your inbox

/3
You've read of three free articles this month. for unlimited online access. You've read of three free articles this month. for unlimited online access. This is your last free article this month. for unlimited online access. You've read all your free articles this month. for unlimited online access. You've read of three free articles this month. for more, or for unlimited online access. for two more free articles, or for unlimited online access.