WhyWhile advancing autopilot technology in its Model S and X cars, the company is taking electric vehicles mainstream with its $35,000 Model 3 car, which already has 400,000 pre-orders.Company Details
50 percentAccording to CEO Elon Musk, drivers have a 50 percent lower chance of having an accident when driving with Tesla Autopilot.
$45 billionMost recent valuation for the private company
WhyAfter a drop in sales last fall, unveiled a new machine, NovaSeq, that will be capable of sequencing 48 entire human genomes in two and a half days—and could one day push the cost of genome sequencing down to $100.Company Details
$850,000:price of the cheaper of its two NovaSeq models
WhyQuickly expanding the artificial intelligence in its Alibaba Cloud platform, including industry-specific products, and launching a global electronic trade platform to build its business with small and medium-size companies around the world.Company Details
57 percent:Alibaba’s share of Chinese online commerce
3.6 percentProportion of U.S. couples that use its tests before trying to conceive
1.1 billionnumber of people worldwide who don’t have access to electricity
WhyTurning its insanely popular chat platform WeChat into a virtual operating system featuring mini programs.Company Details
50 percent:proportion of WeChat’s 770 million daily users who are on the service at least 90 minutes a day
$304 millionAmount it raised in the largest biotech IPO of 2014
177,000Number of U.S. customers who lease SolarCity’s rooftop solar panels
31Number of Emmy nominations for its original programming in 2014
$25,000Maximum amount it charges IVF clinics for the treatment
WhyCreating an AI-powered store of the future with Amazon Go while expanding intelligent voice assistant Alexa into phones, cars, and more.Company Details
12,000:number of programs that software developers have published for Alexa
2 millionNumber of ECG readings on its devices so far
Sales of the drug in the first three months of 2015
WhyMinting money selling its popular mobile phones and laptops while adding impressive names to its AI research team and promising to do more manufacturing in the U.S.Company Details
$257 billion:cash on its balance sheet, more than the entire market value of General Electric
5,000Factor by which its inks improve conductivity, according to the company
WhyIts large-scale desalination process is winning big contracts in China and Australia.Company Details
30 percentBy October IDE will be producing 30 percent of Santa Barbara’s water.
10,000Number of sequenced genomes in the database
WhyIts innovative batteries for the power grid make this startup unusually successful in a tough industry.Company Details
BackersInclude Bill Gates, Shell.
WhyDespite the high-profile loss this year of its well-regarded head of AI, Andrew Ng, the company is doing important work in the field, including leading China’s National Engineering Lab of Deep Learning Technology and Application.Company Details
1,300:number of employees dedicated to working on AI
WhyChanging the economics of space travel with its successful landing and recycling of rockets to be recycled for multiple tripsCompany Details
10 percent:price discount being considered for customers who agree to fly their payloads on reused rockets
$15 millionSize of recent investment by appliance maker Dyson (General Motors is also a backer)
$12 billionFreescale’s value in a proposed acquisition by a Dutch semiconductor maker
70 percentIncrease in revenue from 2013 to 2014
WhyUses of its life-saving immunotherapy, Opdivo, has expanded to lung cancer, advanced renal-cell carcinoma, and Hodgkin’s lymphoma.Company Details
Five yearsOne-third of patients with advanced melanoma survived for five years in a study of Opdivo.
10 millionNumber of U.S. members in its remote-consultation service
WhyContinues to tweak its chips, originally developed for gaming, to help develop breakthrough technologies like deep learning and autonomous driving.Company Details
$3 billion:spending on R&D to create its new data-center chip
WhyDespite controversies over fake news, live streaming video, and discriminatory advertising, and poor sales of its Oculus VR headset, it continues to work on interesting applications of AI and VR, and its Instagram business is singing.Company Details
20:number of natural-language data sets built into the company’s AI research tool, ParlAI.
6Number of the company’s drugs in human testing
$114 millionFunding raised
$5Retail price of two bulbs that will last for a decade
WhyLast summer a hospital in London used Cellectis’s gene-editing technology to heal a child with otherwise untreatable leukemia.Company Details
$300 millionThough not profitable, the company has over $300 million in cash, enough to last through 2018.
WhyLeading gene-therapy company focuses on engineered T cells that recognize and kill cancer and other conditions. Its treatment for sickle-cell disease appears promising.Company Details
66 percent:increase in stock price over the past year
6.4 billion eurosCompany’s global elevator sales in 2014
WhyThe workplace communications app burrows more deeply into workplaces. Now you can use your Slack login for all the software your company uses.Company Details
Three millionNumber of daily active Slack users.
205 millionNumber of monthly active users
WhyIts virtual-world simulation platform is used to create VR software and test driverless cars.Company Details
FundingAndreessen Horowitz is a major backer.
WhyA number of Australian radiologists are now using the company’s deep-learning software to analyze x-rays.Company Details
50 percentClaims its algorithm read chest CT images 50 percent more accurately than experts in its own test.
2.9 millionNumber of Bitcoin accounts registered with Coinbase
40 millionNumber of journeys planned on its system every day
50Factor by which 3D Systems hopes to increase the speed of 3-D printing
60Number of countries in which the company operates
WhyThe Oxitec division of this biotech holding company genetically engineers mosquitoes that could reduce the spread of Zika.Company Details
$174 millionAcquisitions increased sales from $8 million to $174 million in five years.
56,000Number of computer processors the company uses to analyze DNA
WhyExploring new technologies like blockchain and cloud AI while continuing work on important long-term challenges like quantum computing.Company Details
400:number of customers the company has worked with on blockchain applications
WhyBuilding out its advertising business by partnering with Viacom to sell ads and with Nielsen for marketing campaign data.Company Details
10 billionNumber of videos that are seen on the app every day.
WhyIts fast-growing cloud business has reduced the software giant’s reliance on PC sales. Its expanding team of quantum computing experts hopes to develop commercially viable products to compete with efforts by Google and IBM.Company Details
$15 billion:projected annual revenue for its commercial cloud business
162,037Number of active Uber drivers as of December 2014