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Artificial intelligence

A neural network can help spot Covid-19 in chest x-rays

COVID-Net could help scientists develop an AI tool that can pick up telltale signs.
x-ray
x-rayCDC | Unsplash

The news: An open-access neural network called COVID-Net, released to the public this week, could help researchers around the world in a joint effort to develop an AI tool that can test people for Covid-19. 

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What is it? COVID-Net is a convolutional neural network, a type of AI that is particularly good at recognizing images. Developed by Linda Wang and Alexander Wong at the University of Waterloo and the AI firm DarwinAI in Canada, COVID-Net was trained to identify signs of Covid-19 in chest x-rays using 5,941 images taken from 2,839 patients with various lung conditions, including bacterial infections, non-Covid viral infections, and Covid-19. The data set is being provided alongside the tool so that researchers—or anyone who wants to tinker—can explore and tweak it. 

Don’t believe the hype: Several research teams have announced AI tools that can diagnose Covid-19 from x-rays in the last few weeks. But none have been made fully available to the public, making it hard to assess their accuracy. DarwinAI is taking a different approach. It notes that COVID-Net is “by no means a production-ready solution” and encourages others to help it turn it into one. DarwinAI—whose CEO Sheldon Fernandez is speaking at EmTech Digital tomorrow—also wants the tool to explain its reasoning, making it easier for health-care workers to use it.  

One to watch: COVID-Net has yet to prove itself, but it follows in the footsteps of a previous success story. Many of the big advances in computer vision in the last 10 years are thanks to the public release of ImageNet, a large data set of millions of everyday images, and AlexNet, a convolutional neural network that was trained on it. Researchers have been building on both ever since. 

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