Skip to Content

The work of the future

Shaping a workplace that works for everyone

October 24, 2019
Simon Simard

In 2017, one question was everywhere: How would artificial intelligence, machine learning, and robotics alter the future of work? The public was growing increasingly worried about a future in which robots and computers could perform many human jobs. For many people, the worst part was the sense of powerlessness, the worry that automation was “coming to get us”—automatically.

As leader of an institute that helped invent the technological present, I had to take those concerns very seriously. Yet there were large open questions: Would this technological revolution be like those in the past, with many jobs lost but many better ones created? Or would this time be different? Would the changes be so broad and drastic and their impact so uneven and disruptive that it would undermine the stability of our society? And above all—what, if anything, could be done to shape the outcome?

No matter who I asked, I found many strong opinions but relatively little research. So in the spring of 2018, Provost Marty Schmidt and I asked some leading researchers from across MIT to take up the challenge by forming the MIT Task Force on the Work of the Future.

The task force quickly grew to span 12 departments and include experts from industry, labor, and education. This fall, their preliminary findings made a compelling case for how society can shape the work of the future through both public policy and private business practices. This interim report explores many options for constructive action, including tax changes that encourage investments in labor, steps to strengthen the role of workers as stakeholders in corporate decision making, and the development of technologies that make workers more effective instead of redundant.

To shape a technological future that works for all, levers like these will be crucial. But I believe that those of us who are technologists, and who educate tomorrow’s technologists, also have a special role to play. In the past, many technologies MIT has championed involved machines acting in society. By contrast, technologies like AI and machine learning represent machines acting upon society. While we teach students in every field to be fluent in the use of AI strategies and tools, we must also help them gain equal fluency in the cultural values that should ground and govern how those tools are designed and how they’re used.

Institutions that act now to help shape the future of AI will help shape the future for us all. I believe MIT can and should seize the opportunity to do just that.

Keep Reading

Most Popular

Europe's AI Act concept
Europe's AI Act concept

A quick guide to the most important AI law you’ve never heard of

The European Union is planning new legislation aimed at curbing the worst harms associated with artificial intelligence.

Uber Autonomous Vehicles parked in a lot
Uber Autonomous Vehicles parked in a lot

It will soon be easy for self-driving cars to hide in plain sight. We shouldn’t let them.

If they ever hit our roads for real, other drivers need to know exactly what they are.

supermassive black hole at center of Milky Way
supermassive black hole at center of Milky Way

This is the first image of the black hole at the center of our galaxy

The stunning image was made possible by linking eight existing radio observatories across the globe.

transplant surgery
transplant surgery

The gene-edited pig heart given to a dying patient was infected with a pig virus

The first transplant of a genetically-modified pig heart into a human may have ended prematurely because of a well-known—and avoidable—risk.

Stay connected

Illustration by Rose WongIllustration by Rose Wong

Get the latest updates from
MIT Technology Review

Discover special offers, top stories, upcoming events, and more.

Thank you for submitting your email!

Explore more newsletters

It looks like something went wrong.

We’re having trouble saving your preferences. Try refreshing this page and updating them one more time. If you continue to get this message, reach out to us at with a list of newsletters you’d like to receive.