People don’t always say what they mean or mean what they say. Imagine the problem this poses for Siri, Alexa, or Google Assistant when you ask them to “play great new music.” Decoding these mysteries is the work of smart speakers and artificial intelligence—and linguistics experts like Ruth Jeannine Brillman, PhD ’17, a research scientist at Spotify, the music, podcast, and video streaming service.
“Alexa and Siri are all about understanding how to represent language as a structured system,” she says.
While earning her undergrad degree at New York University, Brillman planned a journalism career. But with her love for numbers, she found linguistics to be a great combination of language and math.
As a linguistics grad student at MIT, she took computer science and artificial-intelligence classes and completed several internships focusing on technical language, such as one that involved developing product specifications for a microprocessor. “I started to realize that there were a lot of software companies working on how to model human language,” says Brillman. After an internship working on Alexa at Amazon in 2016, she realized how valuable it was to have people with a linguistics background developing and fine-tuning voice commands. “My favorite part of the work I did at Amazon was looking at the ways that people talk to voice assistants about music, and I was thrilled to find a job that centered around that issue,” she says.
After she earned her PhD at MIT, Brillman’s focus turned more technical.
“Software companies and linguists look at language in very different ways,” she says. “You need people with a computer science background to design and program these platforms, but you also need people who understand how to treat the more nuanced components of language so you can really understand what the user is asking for.”
At Spotify, she is working on how to respond to voice commands made through a smart device like Google Home or Amazon’s Echo. “We have to figure out a way to return a different, correct answer for all different requests,” says Brillman, who helps create the code that produces those responses.
“Working at Spotify is great—the people who use Spotify really love it,” she says. A Somerville resident, she counts herself among the enthusiastic users, having used its music curation for both her mom’s recent wedding and her own wedding reception last July. And, of course, being a Spotify employee means it’s part of her job to listen to a lot of great new music every day.
This startup wants to copy you into an embryo for organ harvesting
With plans to create realistic synthetic embryos, grown in jars, Renewal Bio is on a journey to the horizon of science and ethics.
VR is as good as psychedelics at helping people reach transcendence
On key metrics, a VR experience elicited a response indistinguishable from subjects who took medium doses of LSD or magic mushrooms.
This artist is dominating AI-generated art. And he’s not happy about it.
Greg Rutkowski is a more popular prompt than Picasso.
This nanoparticle could be the key to a universal covid vaccine
Ending the covid pandemic might well require a vaccine that protects against any new strains. Researchers may have found a strategy that will work.
Get the latest updates from
MIT Technology Review
Discover special offers, top stories, upcoming events, and more.