Skip to Content

Could New York’s Plan to Erase Its Digital Divide Work for America?

The state, which has huge rural areas, aims to bring broadband Internet to all its residents by next year.

The U.S. has a long-standing problem with Internet access: the wealthy and urban get more of it, while people who are less well-off or live in rural areas often go without. But a plan in New York state might offer a way toward connecting millions of Americans to a service that’s become nearly as important as electricity.

The state is moving aggressively under Governor Andrew Cuomo’s “Broadband for All” initiative to connect all its residents by 2018. That’s no easy task: outside New York City and a few urban areas, the rest of state is replete with small towns and rural counties.

As the New York Times reports, though, Internet access is coming to those communities in a hurry. The state’s plan auctions off grants to Internet companies to provide broadband access in underserved areas, with the award going to the lowest bidder for a given area. And while big ISPs have won some of the grants, small local companies are also getting in on the action. Local businesses from dairy farms to hotels have seen a big boost thanks to the new connectivity.

New York’s efforts highlight the need for similar action on a national scale. Across the country, 12.6 million American households don’t have access to broadband (the Federal Communications Commission defines “broadband” as a download speed of 25 megabits per second and an upload speed of three megabits per second). The problem is particularly bad in rural areas, where 39 percent of households lack access.

But federal action is unlikely to be forthcoming. Before becoming president, Donald Trump expressed keen interest in infrastructure spending, but his statements were focused on airports and highways, and his campaign never laid out a plan to expand broadband access. The FCC’s meager Lifeline program, which subsidizes Internet access for low-income Americans, now also appears to be on the chopping block. Locally owned broadband coöperatives have been stepping in to try to build out high-speed Internet infrastructure, but they are at best a partial solution.

Perhaps the bigger problem than expanding infrastructure, though, is the regular cost of an Internet plan. Internet access in America is much more expensive than it is in many other countries, and people with lower incomes are far less likely to be connected. Even New York’s initiative, which mandates that a 100-megabit-per-second connection be made available for $60 a month, is likely to mean that high-speed access remains functionally out of reach for many people. So while the blueprints for a more connected country may be laid before us, there remains a long way to go before the digital divide is closed.

(Read more: New York Times, “The Unacceptable Persistence of the Digital Divide,” “Locally Owned Internet Is an Antidote for the Digital Divide”)

Keep Reading

Most Popular

open sourcing language models concept
open sourcing language models concept

Meta has built a massive new language AI—and it’s giving it away for free

Facebook’s parent company is inviting researchers to pore over and pick apart the flaws in its version of GPT-3

transplant surgery
transplant surgery

The gene-edited pig heart given to a dying patient was infected with a pig virus

The first transplant of a genetically-modified pig heart into a human may have ended prematurely because of a well-known—and avoidable—risk.

Muhammad bin Salman funds anti-aging research
Muhammad bin Salman funds anti-aging research

Saudi Arabia plans to spend $1 billion a year discovering treatments to slow aging

The oil kingdom fears that its population is aging at an accelerated rate and hopes to test drugs to reverse the problem. First up might be the diabetes drug metformin.

Yann LeCun
Yann LeCun

Yann LeCun has a bold new vision for the future of AI

One of the godfathers of deep learning pulls together old ideas to sketch out a fresh path for AI, but raises as many questions as he answers.

Stay connected

Illustration by Rose WongIllustration by Rose Wong

Get the latest updates from
MIT Technology Review

Discover special offers, top stories, upcoming events, and more.

Thank you for submitting your email!

Explore more newsletters

It looks like something went wrong.

We’re having trouble saving your preferences. Try refreshing this page and updating them one more time. If you continue to get this message, reach out to us at with a list of newsletters you’d like to receive.