China has announced a new set of cybersecurity rules that could make it harder than ever for foreign technology companies to operate in the country.
The rules, announced Monday, will provide central Chinese authorities with greater powers over the monitoring of data and hardware. Notably, the laws will open companies up to far greater scrutiny from the government, demanding that Internet firms coöperate with the state’s criminal investigations and provide full access to data if officials suspect them of wrongdoing. The law also demands that companies demonstrate that their systems are capable of withstanding hacks.
The new policies, approved by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress and expected to enter force in June 2017, are claimed to be an attempt by China to respond to heightened hacking and terror threats from foreign countries. China has claimed in the past that it’s a frequent target of hacks, and that incidence has been rising. According to Reuters, Yang Heqing, a member of the Standing Committee, said that “as one of the countries that faces the greatest internet security risks, [China] urgently needs to establish and perfect network security legal systems.”
Not that the country is an innocent bystander. While China may have borne the brunt of many attacks, it has also carried out plenty of its own. And while figures suggest that the number of such attacks may have been falling following an agreement made between President Obama and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping to cut the rates of cyber espionage, we recently reported that the attacks may simply be getting better.
Then there’s the impact that the new rules will have on Western companies trying to work in China. James Zimmerman, the chairman of the American Chamber of Commerce in China, told Bloomberg that “the Chinese government is right in wanting to ensure the security of digital systems and information here, but this law doesn’t achieve that.” Instead, he warned, it will “create barriers to trade and innovation.”
Strict regulation is certainly an enemy of technological progress. But tech giants are more likely to be worried about the requirement to open up their data to the authorities. In the past, Yahoo, Google, and Microsoft have all bowed to government pressure in the country, censoring data and sharing it with officials along the way. That met with severe criticism from Congress. In 2010, Google shut down its search efforts in mainland China over censorship and security concerns.
Against the odds, Facebook has so far remained determined to give it a shot in China, even though its site has been blocked since 2009. It remains to be seen if it will be so enthusiastic in the face of the new rules.
Toronto wants to kill the smart city forever
The city wants to get right what Sidewalk Labs got so wrong.
Chinese gamers are using a Steam wallpaper app to get porn past the censors
Wallpaper Engine has become a haven for ingenious Chinese users who use it to smuggle adult content as desktop wallpaper. But how long can it last?
Yann LeCun has a bold new vision for the future of AI
One of the godfathers of deep learning pulls together old ideas to sketch out a fresh path for AI, but raises as many questions as he answers.
The US military wants to understand the most important software on Earth
Open-source code runs on every computer on the planet—and keeps America’s critical infrastructure going. DARPA is worried about how well it can be trusted
Get the latest updates from
MIT Technology Review
Discover special offers, top stories, upcoming events, and more.