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MIT Technology Review

Erica Fuchs ’99, SM ’03, PhD ’06

Understanding the impact of manufacturing location.

Offshoring hit Erica Fuchs’s hometown hard: Reading, Pennsylvania, a former symbol of industrial power, was the nation’s poorest city in 2011. Now Fuchs researches how a manufacturer’s location—in the United States or abroad—affects product development and U.S. competitiveness.

Erica Fuchs ’99, SM ’03, PhD ’06

“Growing up in Reading definitely influenced my priorities with respect to thinking about the intimate consequences that global shifts in the technical and industrial landscape can have in the daily lives of people—in my own community and communities like it around the world,” says Fuchs, an associate professor in the Department of Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University.

Her research was recognized in September when she was named a “Top 40 under 40 Young Scientist” by the World Economic Forum. She was part of early discussions held by the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology that led to the creation of the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership, a national effort currently cochaired by MIT president Rafael Reif to bring more high-tech manufacturing jobs to the United States. She also serves on the U.S. Advisory Committee to the International Commission for Optics.

At MIT, Fuchs studied materials science and engineering before earning a master’s degree in technology policy and a PhD in engineering systems. She traveled to China under the MIT International Science and Technology Initiative (MISTI) as a fellow with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization. There, she visited state-run boiler manufacturers across the country, researching the factors that led to innovation.

Back at MIT, in the Materials Systems Lab and the Industrial Performance Center, she studied how national differences in production, regulation, and other areas might enhance innovation and economic growth.

“MIT proved a phenomenal place to grow up, both personally and academically,” says Fuchs. “MIT’s emphasis on never taking oneself too seriously, combined with brutal academic honesty in search of greater truth, are values I continue to carry with me to this day. Within this unique culture, I found lifelong friends, mentors, and colleagues.”

At home in Pittsburgh, Fuchs has plenty of reminders of MIT, including her husband, David Andersen, SM ’01, PhD ’05. They met at Carnegie Mellon, where he’s an associate professor of computer science, but they had many friends and interests in common at MIT. In separate years, each ran the MIT Outing Club’s winter mountaineering school. Now they’re passing their love of climbing on to their daughter, Aria Andersen-Fuchs. At 20 months, she’s already accompanied her parents to a peak over 10,000 feet tall.