Skip to Content
MIT News magazine

Frank Lieu ’47

A life lived between China and America
June 19, 2012

The world has changed since Frank Lieu first began his MIT studies with the Class of 1941.

Born in 1921 in Shanghai into the prosperous home of one of China’s leading industrialists, Lieu was sent to study mechanical engineering at MIT. But he was forced to return to China, before completing his degree, because of America’s immigration laws.

His journey home was an odyssey. He accompanied his mother to Shanghai, then traveled, disguised as a peasant, for 40 days through Japanese-held territory to Chungking, where he worked for his father’s wool factory. There, the 20-year-old Lieu and six other mechanical engineers labored 11 hours a day trying to design and build replacement machine parts to get the factory into production despite wartime shortages.

After the war ended, Lieu was picked by the Chinese government to return to the United States to receive on-the-job training through a State Department program.

“I visited the production lines of Dodge automobile assembly plants, and I worked in textile machinery production plants,” he says. He completed his MIT degree in 1947 and a master’s degree at Harvard Business School in 1949. Then familial obligations led him back to China, where he lived for the next three decades, working for his father’s many enterprises and coping with political change. Those years, which coincided with China’s volatile Cultural Revolution, were difficult for Lieu.

“I went through a lot in communist China,” he says, “and I couldn’t come out of China again until 1979. However, China has changed … Chinese society is now more capitalistic in recent years than the United States, according to what I have heard.”

Lieu, who settled in California with his wife, Barbara, and children, has spent the last few decades strengthening ties between China and the United States. He has served in numerous Chinese-American organizations, including the U.S.-China Friendship Society in San Francisco. He is also contributing to a biography about his father, O. S. Lieu, jointly written by professors from Cornell and Grinnell universities. His two sons have followed in his footsteps as mechanical engineers, and his daughter is a software engineer.

And he is back in the classroom. “I have been taking voice classes at the College of San Mateo and watercolor painting at the San Mateo Senior Center,” he says. “Over the last 20 years, I have taken well over 100 units of courses at our community colleges with a GPA over 3.75—much better than I had at MIT.”

Another change? “I was the youngest in my class at MIT,” he says. “Now I am definitely the oldest.”

Keep Reading

Most Popular

10 Breakthrough Technologies 2024

Every year, we look for promising technologies poised to have a real impact on the world. Here are the advances that we think matter most right now.

The worst technology failures of 2023

The Titan submersible, lab-grown chicken, and GM’s wayward Cruise robotaxis made our annual list of the worst in tech.

AI for everything: 10 Breakthrough Technologies 2024

Generative AI tools like ChatGPT reached mass adoption in record time, and reset the course of an entire industry.

Scientists are finding signals of long covid in blood. They could lead to new treatments.

Faults in a certain part of the immune system might be at the root of some long covid cases, new research suggests.

Stay connected

Illustration by Rose Wong

Get the latest updates from
MIT Technology Review

Discover special offers, top stories, upcoming events, and more.

Thank you for submitting your email!

Explore more newsletters

It looks like something went wrong.

We’re having trouble saving your preferences. Try refreshing this page and updating them one more time. If you continue to get this message, reach out to us at with a list of newsletters you’d like to receive.