In 1990 a University of Florida microbiologist, Lonnie Ingram, transferred genes responsible for ethanol fermentation to E. coli from another bacterium. Many of the descriptions and examples in the patent involved hemicellulosic sugars, which make up a large fraction of the sugars available in cellulosic biomass such as corn stalks and wood chips. The patent thus described a way to make cellulosic-ethanol production practical. It has been cited 23 times, including four in 2010, suggesting that it’s one of the more important patents in the field. Above is IPVision’s interactive analysis
of Ingram’s patent and its impact.
This new data poisoning tool lets artists fight back against generative AI
The tool, called Nightshade, messes up training data in ways that could cause serious damage to image-generating AI models.
Rogue superintelligence and merging with machines: Inside the mind of OpenAI’s chief scientist
An exclusive conversation with Ilya Sutskever on his fears for the future of AI and why they’ve made him change the focus of his life’s work.
The Biggest Questions: What is death?
New neuroscience is challenging our understanding of the dying process—bringing opportunities for the living.
How to fix the internet
If we want online discourse to improve, we need to move beyond the big platforms.
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