Bone grafts can more closely mimic the chemical structure and composition of natural bone, thanks to a new material. Like other synthetics, the material minimizes the risk of immune rejection, but it’s much better at encouraging cells to grow. Developed by Michigan company Pioneer Surgical Technology, the material is made up of two bonelike components not found in other synthetics: calcium-containing nanocrystals the same size as those in natural bone, and collagen to mimic the soft tissues around natural bone.
Cost: $700 to $4,000 per treatment, depending on size of graft
Companies: Pioneer Surgical Technology