Skip to Content
Uncategorized

Found in Translation

Meadan is offering Arabic-English machine translation to create a virtual town square during troubled times.
February 7, 2007

September 11 affected millions of people in myriad ways. For Ed Bice, an American ex-architect, it sparked a desire to get ordinary Middle Easterners–and Westerners–talking together. Naturally, being based in the Bay Area, he turned to the Web for help.

The result, six years later, is Meadan, which means “town square” in Arabic. The basic idea is simple: it’s a website that brings English and Arabic speakers together around daily postings of news articles, broadcasts, and events that are of common interest, and it gives users a platform to communicate through dialogues, blogs, and other exchanges. All the while, it allows users to pinpoint their location so that people can share views across continents.

The hard part is creating a system that allows users to express their ideas in their native tongue. Enter IBM, which has committed $1.7 million to this not-for-profit project. The company has one of the most advanced systems for Arabic-English machine translation. It’s 84 percent accurate and can transmute Arabic to English and back again at a blistering 500 words per second.

This is no easy task, says Salim Roukos, a senior manager for multilingual natural-language processing technologies at IBM’s Watson Research Center. Because word order in Arabic sentences differs from word order in English, verbs can get lost–quite literally–in machine translation. Moreover, Arabic words have prefixes, suffixes, and other forms that allow them to agree in gender and number–a rigor that freewheeling English lacks and that makes translation from English to Arabic even trickier.

IBM’s statistically based translation system has been trained on a massive amount of material, called a parallel corpus, in both modern standard Arabic and formal English–the language of news reports. That means it has roughly 100 million words and more than 10 million phrases to call upon when presented with new text. But the system struggles with slang and other colloquialisms–all the more difficult in Arabic because street talk varies from country to country.

But this is exactly the sort of language that Meadan’s online community will use. So the alpha test, which was launched last month, also calls on the services of human translators to correct IBM’s machine translations. There is plenty of work to be done. Even a basic English expression like “That’s great!” comes out of the machine as the equivalent of “That’s big!” in Arabic. It’s up to users to point this out and up to designated translators to fix it. The correct pair of translations then becomes another piece of data from which the machine can learn.

Meadan hopes to roll out a beta version later this year–provided it raises the $2 million or so it needs to move forward. Bice has high hopes. “A year from now, I hope we are a global social network, talking across languages about events in the world.” Insha’allah, as we say in Arabic.

Keep Reading

Most Popular

Here’s how a Twitter engineer says it will break in the coming weeks

One insider says the company’s current staffing isn’t able to sustain the platform.

Technology that lets us “speak” to our dead relatives has arrived. Are we ready?

Digital clones of the people we love could forever change how we grieve.

How to befriend a crow

I watched a bunch of crows on TikTok and now I'm trying to connect with some local birds.

Starlink signals can be reverse-engineered to work like GPS—whether SpaceX likes it or not

Elon said no thanks to using his mega-constellation for navigation. Researchers went ahead anyway.

Stay connected

Illustration by Rose Wong

Get the latest updates from
MIT Technology Review

Discover special offers, top stories, upcoming events, and more.

Thank you for submitting your email!

Explore more newsletters

It looks like something went wrong.

We’re having trouble saving your preferences. Try refreshing this page and updating them one more time. If you continue to get this message, reach out to us at customer-service@technologyreview.com with a list of newsletters you’d like to receive.