Last year, Genentech, a global leader in the manufacture of genetically engineered drugs, had sales of about $5.5 billion. A “biotech drug” is one that uses a protein to treat a particular disorder: to make its protein-based drugs, which include cancer treatments and a human growth hormone, Genentech must grow vast quantities of therapeutic proteins in host cells and then harvest them.
The company can ferment approximately 280,000 liters of cell culture at any one time at its various manufacturing plants.
This photo essay illustrates the production process at Genentech’s South San Francisco plant, from the testing and fine-tuning of manufacturing techniques, to the fermentation of cells, to the purification of drugs that will be shipped around the world.
[Click here for the images.]
This new data poisoning tool lets artists fight back against generative AI
The tool, called Nightshade, messes up training data in ways that could cause serious damage to image-generating AI models.
The Biggest Questions: What is death?
New neuroscience is challenging our understanding of the dying process—bringing opportunities for the living.
Rogue superintelligence and merging with machines: Inside the mind of OpenAI’s chief scientist
An exclusive conversation with Ilya Sutskever on his fears for the future of AI and why they’ve made him change the focus of his life’s work.
How to fix the internet
If we want online discourse to improve, we need to move beyond the big platforms.
Get the latest updates from
MIT Technology Review
Discover special offers, top stories, upcoming events, and more.