Select your localized edition:

Close ×

More Ways to Connect

Discover one of our 28 local entrepreneurial communities »

Be the first to know as we launch in new countries and markets around the globe.

Interested in bringing MIT Technology Review to your local market?

MIT Technology ReviewMIT Technology Review - logo


Unsupported browser: Your browser does not meet modern web standards. See how it scores »

{ action.text }

By definition, browser share is a zero-sum game

Update: Mozilla responds – it’s in full at the bottom of this post. They would like you to know that Google doesn’t own them, even though they derive the bulk of their revenue from the search giant. I’d like you to know that as well, and I’ve updated the text to make it clear to those coming to this saga late that Mozilla is in fact an independent not-for-profit.

In terms of revenue, the independent not-for-profit Mozilla foundation, maker of the open source Firefox browser, might as well be a wholly owned subsidiary of Google. Through a deal in which Google is the default search engine for Firefox, the search giant provided 84% of Mozilla’s revenue in 2010, according to its annual report (pdf). That’s more than $100 million.

Now that Google’s own Chrome browser is beating Firefox in the browser wars for the first time ever, how much longer is Google going to be able to justify propping up the nonprofit foundation behind what is increasingly an also-ran browser? It’s not just the success of Chrome that’s at issue here, but also the rapidly expanding portion of the browsing pie being eaten up by browsers on mobile deviceswhere Firefox is basically persona non grata.

I can already hear the howls of protest from Firefox diehards – “Firefox is the most customizable, secure browser on the planet!” That’s true, and in this age of less-is-more interfaces and operating systems, totally irrelevant. The overwhelming majority of users want speed and simplicity – that’s why they install Chrome and never look back.

Google no longer needs need Firefox as a cudgel for convincing Microsoft to support web standards, because Chrome, Safari and mobile browsers are accomplishing that already. To the credit of the team at Mozilla, the web is winning, even in the face of an ongoing onslaught from native apps.

Mozilla continues to push the envelope in a lot of other ways that Google may find interesting, but to the tune of $100 million a year? If Google wants to do launch new efforts to manage online identity to thwart competitors like Facebook, it’s a hundred times as likely to succeed if it deploys those technologies through its own channels.

And this is exactly what Google is doing, in the form of Google+. As for other Mozilla efforts, it’s difficult to think of anything the foundation is doing that Google isn’t also doing, and more successfully, whether it’s sync across browsers or its Chrome OS attempt to turn the browser into an OS.

Given the quantitative trends in browser share and the qualitative trends in feature roll-outs, Mozilla’s work appears increasingly redundant for its primary benefactor. Mozilla publicly expresses confidence that its special relationship with Google will continue, but it has also said that it would like to further diversify its revenue streams.

Where is that money going to come from? As its share of the market declines, so does the value of search traffic Firefox can send. And would its users really leave the default intact if Firefox shipped with its search field pointing to Bing or Yahoo? With all due respect to the management at Mozilla, imagining that things like grants, which represented only about $1 million in revenue for Mozilla in 2010, will fill the breach is sheer hubris.

Mozilla’s response:

Wanted to clarify a few things that didn’t come across in your piece:

1. Mozilla is an independent entity. We are a non-profit organization. We are not a subsidiary of another organization.

2. Mozilla has a long-standing, mutually beneficial business relationship with Google. The relationship is based on search functionality within Firefox. Mozilla has business relationships with a number of other search providers including Bing, Yahoo!, Yandex and others.

To which I’d append: If I’m reading their annual report correctly, those business relationships with other search providers constitute no more than 15% of Mozilla’s revenue.

10 comments. Share your thoughts »

Tagged: Web, Google, search, web browser, mozilla, Firefox

Reprints and Permissions | Send feedback to the editor

From the Archives


Introducing MIT Technology Review Insider.

Already a Magazine subscriber?

You're automatically an Insider. It's easy to activate or upgrade your account.

Activate Your Account

Become an Insider

It's the new way to subscribe. Get even more of the tech news, research, and discoveries you crave.

Sign Up

Learn More

Find out why MIT Technology Review Insider is for you and explore your options.

Show Me