George Kurtz, CTO of McAfee Security, revealed new details of the recent attack on Google and other companies in a blog post this afternoon. A “zero-day” bug–a previously undiscovered vulnerability–in Microsoft’s Internet Explorer browser seems to have been a key part of the attack.
The attack on Google’s infrastructure, which Kurtz calls “Operation Aurora,” was able to steal some of the Web giant’s intellectual property, apparently in the process of pursuing access to the e-mail accounts of Chinese human-rights activists. Google has said that the same attack hit at least 20 other large companies.
Yesterday, I reported that the attackers likely used social engineering techniques to get into Google’s infrastructure, and Kurtz’s post confirms this–attackers tricked company employees into clicking malicious links in an e-mail. But once those links were clicked, they activated malware that exploited Internet Explorer.
Our investigation has shown that Internet Explorer is vulnerable on all of Microsoft’s most recent operating system releases, including Windows 7. … While we have identified the Internet Explorer vulnerability as one of the vectors of attack in this incident, many of these targeted attacks often involve a cocktail of zero-day vulnerabilities combined with sophisticated social engineering scenarios. So there very well may be other attack vectors that are not known to us at this time. That said, contrary to some reports our findings to date have not shown a vulnerability in Adobe Reader being a factor in these attacks.
Kurtz doesn’t specify which of the affected companies were infiltrated through the bug in Internet Explorer, but I’m hoping Google wasn’t one of them. Wouldn’t Google’s employees have been using its own Chrome browser?
Microsoft is expected to release more information at this location.