But the picture changes when you examine the value added in manufacturing, which is the gross output minus the value of the inputs. By this measure, China’s manufacturing sector is rapidly improving, but Germany’s performance has declined in the past decade, while the United States is holding relatively steady.
Source: The Manufacturing Institute
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the United States is among the leading countries in recent years in improving its manufacturing productivity. The first chart below shows the percent change in manufacturing output per hour between 2008 and 2009. The second chart shows the average annual percent change in manufacturing output per hour for the three decades between 1979 and 2009.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics