Select your localized edition:

Close ×

More Ways to Connect

Discover one of our 28 local entrepreneurial communities »

Be the first to know as we launch in new countries and markets around the globe.

Interested in bringing MIT Technology Review to your local market?

MIT Technology ReviewMIT Technology Review - logo

 

Unsupported browser: Your browser does not meet modern web standards. See how it scores »

Stanford researchers have integrated an array of tiny magnetic sensors into a silicon chip containing circuitry that reads the sensor data. The magnetic biochip could offer an alternative to existing bioanalysis tools, which are costly and bulky.

“The magnetic chip and its reader can be made portable, into a system the size of a shoebox,” says Shan Wang, professor of materials science and electrical engineering at Stanford University, in Palo Alto, CA. Its small size, he says, could make it useful at airports for detecting toxins, such as anthrax, and at crime scenes for DNA analysis.

The Stanford biochip is one of a number of approaches being explored to replace the current bioanalysis technology. Today’s systems use florescent tags attached to molecules. The florescence is detected using optics–lenses, mirrors, and light detectors–that are fragile, bulky, and expensive.

Wang’s biochip employs silicon circuitry, made using standard silicon processes at National Semiconductor. To this chip, he added an array containing more than 1,000 sensors, each composed of two magnetic layers separated by a nonmagnetic spacer made of copper.

For his group’s most recent results, presented in November at the International Electron Device Meeting in San Francisco, the researchers built a chip that detects DNA sequences. They coated the sensor array with a polymer film and single-stranded DNA containing known sequences. The single-stranded DNA was used as a receptor, Wang explains, to attract complementary DNA strands from a test solution. “You’re looking for the matching molecule,” he says.

To detect the matching pair using the sensors, the strands of DNA in the test solution must contain a magnetic particle. Wang used magnetic nanoparticles, 15 nanometers in diameter, coated with a protein called streptavidin, which binds to a molecule added to the test strands of DNA, called biotin. When a test strand of DNA finds its complement on the sensor array, the nanoparticle and the sensor are in such close proximity that the entire sensor’s resistance signals a match.

0 comments about this story. Start the discussion »

Tagged: Biomedicine

Reprints and Permissions | Send feedback to the editor

From the Archives

Close

Introducing MIT Technology Review Insider.

Already a Magazine subscriber?

You're automatically an Insider. It's easy to activate or upgrade your account.

Activate Your Account

Become an Insider

It's the new way to subscribe. Get even more of the tech news, research, and discoveries you crave.

Sign Up

Learn More

Find out why MIT Technology Review Insider is for you and explore your options.

Show Me
×

A Place of Inspiration

Understand the technologies that are changing business and driving the new global economy.

September 23-25, 2014
Register »