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Whatever tack they take, university technology managers insist that, ultimately, it’s not about an individual school’s bottom line. The real point of the Bayh-Dole Act, they say, was to stimulate the U.S. economy and to get new technologies out into the marketplace-where they can begin to impact people’s lives. Given the recent performance of the nation’s top universities, it looks like Bob Dole has more than one thing to smile about.

Campus PatentingInstitution*Technological StrengthNumber of PatentsCurrent Impact Index 1999/Rank 1994-1998**/Rank 1999 1994-1998** 1999 1994-1998**U. California476/1300/14682801.021.07MIT206/2171/21511201.361.43Caltech124/369/5103511.201.36U. Texas115/4124/3115981.001.26Stanford105/586/491651.161.32Johns Hopkins93/641/15108460.860.90U. Pennsylvania92/762/864511.441.21U. Wisconsin84/869/587620.961.12U. Washington82/945/1153321.551.42Washington U.70/1029/2060271.171.10Columbia69/1147/1059341.171.36Cornell64/1264/769520.931.24U. North Carolina59/1330/1958301.021.01Penn. State U.54/1423/2445211.201.11State U. of New York53/1545/1154410.971.09U. Michigan52/1657/958400.901.42U. Minnesota51/1740/1655350.931.14Princeton48/1822/2630161.601.34Carnegie Mellon45/1921/3026131.731.60Duke44/2042/1442331.061.27Iowa State U.41/2132/1846410.900.77U. Massachusetts41/2115/4059160.690.94U. Alabama38/2316/3744170.870.93Harvard38/2327/2249350.770.76U. Utah38/2328/2137311.020.91U. Illinois36/2613/4334171.050.75U. Pittsburgh33/2721/3041180.811.20U. Florida31/2843/1355460.570.94Michigan State U.31/2822/2654340.570.66U. Maryland31/2822/2640230.770.97Rutgers28/3127/2232220.881.24Emory28/3123/2428171.001.37Brown28/3115/401991.471.67Yale27/3416/3732210.840.74Georgia Tech26/3518/3534200.770.86U. Tennessee25/3612/4513111.941.07Baylor Coll. of Med.25/3614/4222161.140.88U. Kentucky25/3613/4332140.780.93U. Nebraska25/3616/3721221.180.74Dartmouth24/405/491052.441.08N. Carolina State U.24/4037/1725300.951.25Purdue23/4220/3323170.991.14Case Western Reserve23/4210/4729100.781.02Texas A&M22/4421/3023200.971.04U. Arkansas21/455/49328 0.660.67Ohio State U.21/4519/3425200.840.96U. Iowa21/4510/4734180.620.59U. Central Florida21/4511/461491.501.20New York U.21/4522/2628210.741.04Thomas Jefferson20/5017/3629190.680.91* includes all campuses in system; ** annual average

Key
Technological Strength: The number of U.S. patents multiplied by the Current Impact Index (see below).
Number of Patents: The total number of U.S. patents awarded, excluding design and other special-case inventions.
Current Impact Index: A measure of how frequently an institution’s patents for the previous five years are cited in the current year, relative to all patents in the U.S. system. A value of 1.0 indicates average citation frequency.
Data from CHI Research.

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