Personal-genomics startup Knome is the first to offer commercial whole-genome sequencing.
New nonsilicon transistors could be integrated into existing chip-making processes.
Arrays of cheap magnetic sensors could detect improvised explosive devices.
Self-contained power plants could supply growing energy demand in poor countries.
New chemistry and microsurfaces have led to super oil-repellent materials that are self-cleaning.
A massive AI project called CALO could revolutionize machine learning.