Researchers at UC Berkeley are developing and testing lasers grown on silicon chips. Processors that incorporate electrical and optical components could make for faster supercomputers and speedier downloading on personal computers.
Researchers at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California are developing a filter that rapidly kills bacteria in water. The researchers hope their filter will be used in the developing world, where at least one billion people lack access to clean water.
At the J. Craig Venter Institute in Rockville, MD, researchers have developed one of the most powerful methods yet for redesigning life. By editing genomes on the computer, synthesizing them in the lab, and transplanting the genomes into cells, Venter Institute researchers can speed up the process of genetic engineering. Ultimately, they want to design and create microbes that efficiently produce clean fuels, vaccines, and other products.